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How to Write a Research Paper: A Step-By-Step Guide

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What exactly is research writing?

Research writing is defined as writing that uses evidence (from journals, books, magazines, the Internet, experts, and so on) to persuade or inform an audience about a specific point.

In 9 steps, learn how to write a research paper.

The following is a step-by-step guide to writing a research paper geared toward students rather than professional researchers. While some steps may not apply to your specific assignment, consider this a general guideline to keep you on track.

  1. Recognize the assignment

This may seem obvious to some of you, but you might be surprised at how many students begin a research paper without even reading the assignment guidelines.

As a result, your first step should be to go over the assignment and read the writing prompt carefully. Look for technical requirements such as length, formatting (single- vs. double-spacing, indentations, and so on), and citation style. Take note of the specifics, such as whether or not you need to write an abstract or include a cover page.

  1. Compile preliminary research

The earlier you begin your research, the better—after all, it’s called a research paper for a reason.

Find out what research is available for your topic as soon as possible in order to refine your topic and prepare your thesis statement. Early research can help dispel any misconceptions you may have about the subject and reveal the best paths and approaches to finding more material.

Typically, sources can be found online or in a library. When conducting an online search, make sure to use credible sources such as scientific journals or academic papers. Some search engines, such as those mentioned in the Tools and resources section below, allow you to search only accredited sources and academic databases.

  1. Choose a topic.

The student must choose their own topic for open-ended assignments. While it may appear simple, selecting a topic is the most important decision you’ll make when writing a research paper because it determines everything that follows.

When deciding how to choose a research paper topic, your first priority should be whether it will provide enough content and substance for an entire research paper. Choose a topic with enough data and complexity to allow for a rich discussion. However, you should avoid broad topics and instead stick to topics that are specific enough that you can cover all relevant information without sacrificing too much detail.

  1. Identify supporting evidence

It’s time to knuckle down and do the actual research in this stage of how to write an academic research paper. This is the stage at which you go through all of the sources you gathered earlier and find the specific information you want to use in your paper.

Typically, you gather supporting evidence by reading each source and taking notes. Isolate only the information that is directly relevant to your topic; avoid tangents or unnecessary context, no matter how interesting they may be. Always take note of page numbers, not only so you can find the information later, but also so you can cite it.

  1. Make a thesis statement.

Write a thesis statement that summarizes what your research paper will be about based on what you discovered in your preliminary research. This is typically the first sentence in your paper, and it serves as your reader’s introduction to the topic.

The best way to begin a research paper is with a thesis statement. Aside from preparing your reader, the thesis statement also helps other researchers determine whether or not your paper will be useful to them in their own research. Similarly, you should read the thesis statements of other research papers to determine their usefulness to you.

Research paper FAQs

What is research writing?

Ans Writing that uses evidence (from journals, books, magazines, the Internet, experts, and so on) to persuade or inform an audience about a specific point is referred to as research writing.

What is research writing and types?

Ans: Academic writing is classified into four types: descriptive, analytical, persuasive, and critical. Each of these types of writing has distinct language characteristics and purposes.

How is research writing different from other writing?

Ans  Academic writing differs from other types of writing in that it is more formal and structured. Academic writing, like any other type of writing, has its own set of rules and structures. Scholars in the same discipline are the target audience or readers of academic writing.

Is a research paper like an essay?

Ans A research paper is a longer essay in which you present your own interpretation, evaluation, or argument. When writing an essay, you use everything you know and have thought about a subject.

Last talks————

How do I properly cite sources in a research paper?

Citation formatting differs depending on the style, so consult the assignment guidelines. Although there are other styles, MLA and APA are the most commonly used in school research reports……

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